In 1981, Drs. Richard and Phyllis Arno established the National Christian Counselors Association (NCCA) as a non-profit corporation in order to conduct research and develop a therapeutic procedure based on Scripture.

Drs. Arno developed the system over seven years through systematic research with over 5,000 individuals. The counselees sought help for depression, inter/intra-personal conflict, marriage and family dysfunctions and anxiety.

The purpose of the research was to: (1) increase the effectiveness of the NCCA’s therapeutic procedure; (2) measure the percentage of success within a controlled environment; and (3) develop an accurate clinical testing procedure for initial identification of the counselee’s temperament (spiritual genetics). In-depth studies were conducted on all current psychological tests and/or behavioral inventories. For many reasons, the NCCA selected the FIRO-B, which was developed by Dr. Will Schutz, as its initial measuring device or questionnaire. The NCCA named its analysis procedure the Temperament Analysis Profile (TAP), which reveals the “hidden problems” that normally take the counselor seven or eight sessions to identify.

In November 2000 the NCCA changed the name from the Temperament Analysis Profile to the Arno Profile System (APS) in honor of its’ developers. Presently, over 4,000 pastors and professional counselors rely on the Arno Profile System to aid them in their counseling efforts. These counselors report an accuracy rate of over ninety percent (90%) in identifying an individual’s correct (in-born, God-given) temperament.*

Research conclusions (Validity & Reliability)

Research that was conducted in 1991 involving 250 licensed therapists and 7,403 counselees provided the following results:

1. A.P.S. results were 95.4% accurate
2. “Temperament Therapy” therapists reported a 92.7% success rate.**





*N.C.C.A., Licensing program for Christian Counselors, page 6
**Arno Profile System Research Report, page 11


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